Map My Genes Archeology Edition compares your DNA to more than 3,500 ancient DNA samples from archaeological excavations throughout the world. Some samples are 40,000 years old.
When you use this app, you'll receive an interactive global map that shows the location of each archaeological site where ancient human DNA was obtained and sequenced. The map includes the degree of similarity between your DNA and the ancient DNA sample obtained at each site.
To learn more about each archaeological site, such as the name of the location and age of the DNA sample that was obtained at that site, hover over or click on a pin. You can also use the legend to learn more.
This app is compatible with most DNA tests including 23andMe, AncestryDNA, and MyHeritage.
Once your DNA data is stored in your Sequencing.com account, click the app's 'Start' button. You'll receive your results in about 15 minutes.
Interested in learning more about common, yet confusing, terms used to express dates of events, such as BC and AD? You've come to the right place! We'll walk you through what the most common terms mean.
Don't worry, understanding this information isn't necessary to enjoy this app. It's just some additional interesting info!
It's standard practice for archaeological researchers and archaeology publications to specify dates using particular acronyms. There is a range of different acronyms, and some of them mean the same thing, so it can get a bit confusing! The guide below helps clarify what each acronym means.
‘AD’ is the acronym for Anno Domini. This is the Christian era in the Gregorian calendar. It starts from 1 AD as the year in which Christ was believed to have been born. (The date was calculated about 500 years after the event, so it was a broad estimate.)
‘AD’ is generally written in upper case letters.
‘CE’ is the acronym for Common Era or Current Era. CE is equivalent to AD as a date. CE also places the ‘common’ or ‘current’ era as being from the suggested birth of Christ at 1 AD. For example, the Battle of Hastings was in 1066 CE.
CE, however, removes the explicit claim of Anno Domini, which means ‘year of our Lord’. First used almost 400 years ago, CE has become especially popular from the late twentieth century to emphasize secularism or sensitivity to non-Christians.
‘BC’ is the acronym for ‘Before Christ’. This signifies the pre-Christian era in the Gregorian calendar. The years run backward starting with 1 BC, which refers to 1 year before the birth of Christ.
Similar, to ad, when you see a lowercase bc, the date used is usually an uncalibrated radiocarbon date.
‘BCE’ means Before Common / Current Era. Similar to CE, BCE removes the explicit reference to Christ. Even though the acronym is different, BC and BCE are equivalent ( 5000 BC refers to the same date as 5000 BCE).
‘BP’ is the acronym for years 'before present’. The use of BP by archaeologists, geologists, and other scientists, refers to radiocarbon ages determined using other radiometric dating techniques. Radiometric dating techniques are those that provide absolute dates based on the decay of radioactive isotopes.
Radiocarbon dating was discovered in the 1940s. All living organisms contain Carbon 14, which is also commonly referred to as C14 or 14C. When an organism dies, the 14C slowly decays at a known rate called its “half-life.”
The half-life of an isotope like 14C is the time it takes for half of it to decay away. For 14C, it takes 5,730 years for half of it to decay so it's half-life is 5,730 years. Using this as a starting point, when archeologists measure the amount of 14C in an archeological sample from human bones, the archeologist can accurately calculate when that person died.
One perplexing issue with BP is that it's a date based on the 'present.' But if the present is always changing, how can this be? Scientists have resolved this by setting the 'present' in BP to be 1950. 1950 was selected as this was around when radiometric dating started to be used. 1950 is also easy to remember!
If you see a date written as 3000 BP, this means 3000 years before 1950 AD, which is the same as 1050 BC.
As with AD and BC, the use of lower case ‘bp’ usually means the date is uncalibrated while the upper case BP means the date is calibrated. Unfortunately, this isn't followed by everyone and sometimes a ‘BP’ in upper case is actually an uncalibrated date.
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Both versions of Map My Genes are based on science. And when we mean science, we mean a tremendous amount of published scientific research studies.
Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia. Allentoft ME, et al. Nature. 2015 Jun 11;522(7555):167-72. doi: 10.1038/nature14507.
Understanding 6th-century barbarian social organization and migration through paleogenomics. Amorim CEG, et al. Nat Commun. 2018 Sep 11;9(1):3547. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-06024-4.
A global reference for human genetic variation. 1000 Genomes Project Consortium, Auton A, Brooks LD. Nature. 2015 Oct 1;526(7571):68-74. doi: 10.1038/nature15393.
Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia. Allentoft ME, Sikora M. Nature. 2015 Jun 11;522(7555):167-72. doi: 10.1038/nature14507.
Understanding 6th-century barbarian social organization and migration through paleogenomics. Amorim CEG, Vai S. Nat Commun. 2018 Sep 11;9(1):3547. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-06024-4.
Ancient Rome: A genetic crossroads of Europe and the Mediterranean. Antonio ML, Gao Z. Science. 2019 Nov 8;366(6466):708-714. doi: 10.1126/science.aay6826.
Ancient genomes indicate population replacement in Early Neolithic Britain. Brace S, Diekmann Y. Nat Ecol Evol. 2019 May;3(5):765-771. doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-0871-9.
Early Neolithic genomes from the eastern Fertile Crescent. Broushaki F, Thomas MG. Science. 2016 Jul 29;353(6298):499-503. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf7943.
Neolithic and Bronze Age migration to Ireland and establishment of the insular Atlantic genome. Cassidy LM, Martiniano R. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Jan 12;113(2):368-73. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1518445113.
137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes. Damgaard PB, Marchi N. Nature. 2018 May;557(7705):369-374. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0094-2.
The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia. de Barros Damgaard P, Martiniano R. Science. 2018 Jun 29;360(6396). pii: eaar7711. doi: 10.1126/science.aar7711.
Ancient genomes from Iceland reveal the making of a human population. Ebenesersdóttir SS, Sandoval-Velasco M. Science. 2018 Jun 1;360(6392):1028-1032. doi: 10.1126/science.aar2625.
Late Pleistocene human genome suggests a local origin for the first farmers of central Anatolia. Feldman M, Fernández-Domínguez E. Nat Commun. 2019 Mar 19;10(1):1218. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09209-7.
Ancient DNA sheds light on the genetic origins of early Iron Age Philistines. Feldman M, Master DM. Sci Adv. 2019 Jul 3;5(7):eaax0061. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aax0061.
Genomic insights into the origin and diversification of late maritime hunter-gatherers from the Chilean Patagonia. De la Fuente C, Ávila-Arcos MC. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Apr 24;115(17):E4006-E4012. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1715688115.
A genomic Neolithic time transect of hunter-farmer admixture in central Poland. Fernandes DM, Strapagiel D. Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 5;8(1):14879. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-33067-w.
Palaeo-Eskimo genetic ancestry and the peopling of Chukotka and North America. Flegontov P, Altinisik NE. Nature. 2019 Jun;570(7760):236-240. doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1251-y.
A revised timescale for human evolution based on ancient mitochondrial genomes. inFu Q, Mittnik A, Johnson PLF. J. Curr Biol. 2013 Apr 8;23(7):553-559. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.02.044.
Genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern human from western Siberia. Fu Q, Li H, Moorjani P. Nature. 2014 Oct 23;514(7523):445-9. doi: 10.1038/nature13810.
An early modern human from Romania with a recent Neanderthal ancestor. Fu Q, Hajdinjak M, Moldovan OT. Nature. 2015 Aug 13;524(7564):216-9. doi: 10.1038/nature14558.
The genetic history of Ice Age Europe. Fu Q, Posth C, Hajdinjak M. Nature. 2016 Jun 9;534(7606):200-5. doi: 10.1038/nature17993 .
Genome flux and stasis in a five millennium transect of European prehistory. Gamba C, Jones ER, Teasdale MD. Nat Commun. 2014 Oct 21;5:5257. doi: 10.1038/ncomms6257.
Paleogenomic Evidence for Multi-generational Mixing between Neolithic Farmers and Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers in the Lower Danube Basin. González-Fortes G, Jones ER. Curr Biol. 2017 Jun 19;27(12):1801-1810.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.05.023.
A western route of prehistoric human migration from Africa into the Iberian Peninsula. González-Fortes G, Tassi F. Proc Biol Sci. 2019 Jan 30;286(1895):20182288 doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2288.
Population genomics of Mesolithic Scandinavia: Investigating early postglacial migration routes and high-latitude adaptation. Günther T, Malmström H. PLoS Biol. 2018 Jan 9;16(1):e2003703. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2003703.
Ancient genomes link early farmers from Atapuerca in Spain to modern-day Basques. Günther T, Valdiosera C. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Sep 22;112(38):11917-22. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1509851112.
Continuity and Admixture in the Last Five Millennia of Levantine History from Ancient Canaanite and Present-Day Lebanese Genome Sequences. Haber M, Doumet-Serhal C. Am J Hum Genet. 2017 Aug 3;101(2):274-282. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.06.013.
|Test Compatibility||Format Compatibility||Variant Compatibility||Reference Genome Compatibility|
|Whole Genome Sequencing||FASTQ and FQ||SNP / SNV
(Single Nucleotide Variants)
|hg38 / GRCh38|
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|almost all other genetic tests|
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Ultimate Genome Sequencing
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